Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt was the preeminent civilization in North Africa, the Mediterranean and Middle East for nearly 3,000 years, from 3100 BC to 332 BC. The River Nile’s predictable flooding along with controlled irrigation systems allowed for flourishing agriculture (primarily wheat and barley) and large food surpluses, and subsequently, denser populations, and much social, cultural and… Continue reading Ancient Egypt

Dihya al-Kahina

Her birth name was Dihya, which means “beautiful gazelle” in Tamazight, but she eventually became commonly known by the title given to her by her Arab enemies, which is al-Kahina and translates as “sorceress.” Dihya al-Kahina was an Amazigh warrior queen that led the resistance of her people against the Arab incursion into North Africa… Continue reading Dihya al-Kahina

Fatima Al-Fihri: Founder of the World’s First University

Did you know both the world's oldest (and still existing) university and library were founded by an African woman? In 859 CE, Fatima Al-Fihri founded the University of al-Qarawiyyin in Fez, in present-day Morocco. By the 9th century, Fez was one of the most influential Muslim cities. The Al-Fihri family moved there for a more… Continue reading Fatima Al-Fihri: Founder of the World’s First University

Frantz Fanon

Frantz Fanon was a psychiatrist and philosopher known for his analysis of the mental health effects of colonialism and his writings in support of the liberation of colonized peoples all over the world. Fanon was one of the main theorists who provided the intellectual foundation behind the Algerian War of Independence, including supporting the use… Continue reading Frantz Fanon

Ibn Battuta: The Greatest Explorer of the Ancient World

Ibn Battuta, born in 1304 CE, was a Moroccan explorer and scholar. Over 30 years, he travelled 125,000 kilometres, across 40 present-day countries, the longest distance traveled by a single human until the 19th century. Ibn Battuta belonged to the Amazigh (Berber), an ethnic group native to Northwest Africa, and he trained early on as… Continue reading Ibn Battuta: The Greatest Explorer of the Ancient World