The Kingdom of Mutapa

The Kingdom of Mutapa (also referred to as the ‘Mutapa Empire’ and ‘Mwenemutapa’) was a southern African kingdom that existed from the early 15th century until the mid-18th century. The Kingdom stretched from the Zambezi through the Limpopo rivers, encompassing areas in the modern states of Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Mozambique, Namibia and… Continue reading The Kingdom of Mutapa


Mirambo was a king, military leader and state builder who founded a kingdom and revolutionized regional trade and power relations in 19th century Tanzania. From a young age, Mirambo was a curious learner, studying the cultural ways, political structures, commerce, military techniques and languages of nearby communities. At the time, his people, the Nyamwezi (“people… Continue reading Mirambo

Mogadishu and the Ajuran Kingdom

The city of Mogadishu in Somalia has served as a port, center for commerce, and capital of various Somali kingdoms for over 2000 years. “Mogadishu” is likely derived from "muq" and "disho" which together mean "sight killer" or "blinder", possibly in reference to the city's blinding beauty. Mogadishu was one of a few Somali city-states… Continue reading Mogadishu and the Ajuran Kingdom